Baroque, Rococo, and Colonial Art

Concurrent Dates

1510’s CE Montezuma, Aztec ruler, receives Cortes and the Spanish Conquistadors

Copernicus tells us that the earth revolves around the sun

American East coast is discovered up to Charleston

1517 CE Martin Luther and his 95 thesis
1580 Francis Drake circumnavigates the globe
1590’s Shakespeare writes Hamlet, Julius Caesar, Romeo and Juliet, among others
1648 Treaty of Westphalia

The Reformation of the Church and its Counter
Martin Luther, John Calvin, Protestantism, Pope Paul III, Jesuits

Science Blooms

Worldwide Markets

Baroque Art

The Fall of Man, Albrecht Durer
Germany, 16th century CE engraving

Isenheim Altarpiece, Matthias Grunewald
Germany, 16th century CE oil on wood 10’x11’

Allegory of Law and Grace, Lucas Cranach the Elder
Germany 16th century CE woodcut

Meat Still-Life, Pieter Aertsen
The Netherlands, 16th century CE oil on wood 4’x6’

Hunters In the Snow, Pieter Brugel the Elder
The Netherlands, 16th century oil on wood 4’x5’
Genre Painting

Il Gesu, Giacomo Della Porta and Giacomo Da Vignola
Italy, 16th century CE brick, marble, and stucco
Jesuit Order, di sotto in su, trompe l’oeil

  • Triumph in the Name of Jesus, Giovanni Gaulli

Calling of Saint Matthew, Caravaggio
Italy, 16th century CE oil on canvas 11’ x11’
Tenebrism, plebeian

Conversion of Saint Paul, Caravaggio
Italy, 17th century CE oil on canvas 8’ x 6’

Judith Slaying Holofernes, Artemisia Gentileschi
Italy, 17th century CE oil on canvas 7’x5’

Ecstasy of Saint Theresa, Gianlorenzo Bernini
Italy, 17th century CE marble height 12’

San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, Francesco Borromini
Italy, 17th century CE

Henry IV Receives the Portrait of Marie de’ Medici, Peter Paul Rubens
From the Marie de’ Medici Cycle
Flanders, 17th century CE oil on canvas 5’x4’

Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, Rembrandt Van Rijn
Flanders, 17th century CE oil on canvas 5’x7’

Self Portrait with Saskia, Rembrandt Van Rijn
Flanders, 17th century CE etching

Las Meninas, Diego Velazquez
Spain, 17th century CE oil on canvas 10’x9’

Woman Holding a Balance, Jan Vermeer
Flanders, 17th century CE oil on canvas 4’x4’
Camera Obscura

Fruit and Insects, Rachel Ruysch
Flanders, 18th century CE oil on canvas 3’x2’

Rococo Art

The Palace of Versailles, Louis Le Vau and Jules Hardouin-Mansart
France 17th century CE 17 acres of parkland and buildings

  • The Hall of Mirrors
  • Garden

The Swing, Jean-Honore Fragonard
France, 18th century CE oil on canvas 3′ x 3′

Colonial Art

Angel with Arquebus (Asiel Timor Dei), Master of Calamarca
Bolivia, 17th century CE oil on canvas

Screen with the Siege of Belgrade and hunting scenes, Circle of the Gonzalez Family
Spain, 17th century CE tempera and resin on wood with shell inlay

The Virgin of Guadalupe, Miguel Gonzalez
Mexico, 17th century CE oil on canvas inlaid with mother-of-pearl