Greek Art

Concurrent Dates

776 BCE First Olympic games
753 BCE The Founding of Rome
600 BCE Mayan civilization begins in Mexico
499-479 BCE The Persian Wars
147 BCE Greece comes under Roman control
30 BCE Defeat of Cleopatra and Mark Antony by Octavian (Augustus Ceasar)

Greek Art
Chapter 5

The People
Hellenes, Hellas

The Iliad and the Odyssey

Platonic Ideal

Man is the Measure of All Things
Anthropomorphism, Protagoras and the roots of Humanism

Geometric and Archaic Periods
9th-6th centuries BCE

Hero and Centaur (Herakles and Nessos?)
Greece. 8th century BCE bronze 5” high

Anavysos Kouros
Greece. 7th century BCE marble 6’ high
Kouros (Kouroi), archaic smile, daedalic sculpture

Peplos Kore from the Acropolis
Greece. 6th century BCE marble 4’ high

Classical Period
5th – 4th centuries BCE


Zeus (or Poseidon?)
Greece. 5th century BCE bronze 7’ high
Sculpture in the round

Niobides Krater, the Niobid Painter
Greece. 5th century BCE clay, red figure technique with white highlights
Red Figure, black figure

Diskobolos (Discus Thrower), by Myron
Roman marble copy after a bronze original
Italy. 5th century BCE 5’ high

Doryphoros (Spear Bearer), aka The Canon
Roman marble copy after a bronze original by Polykleitos
Italy. 5th century BCE 7’ high


The Acropolis
Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE
Pericles, The Persian Wars

Parthenon, by Iktinos and Kallikrates
The Acropolis, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE

Elgin Marbles

Helios, horses, and Dionysus (Heracles?)
The Parthenon, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE

Lapith versus centaur
The Parthenon, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE marble 5’ high

Details of the Panathenaic Festival procession frieze
The Parthenon, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE marble 4’ tall

Temple of Athena Nike
The Acropolis, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE

Nike Adjusting her Sandal
Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE marble
Wet drapery

Grave Stele of Hegeso, Kallimachos
Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE marble and paint

Aphrodite of Knidos
Roman marble copy after an original by Praxiteles
Italy. 4th century BCE 7’ high

Hellenistic Period
4th BCE – 1st c CE

Athenian Agora and Stoa of Attalos II
Athens, Greece. 2nd century BCE

Reconstructed west front of the Altar of Zeus
Pergamon, Turkey. 2nd century BCE

Athena battling Alkyoneos
Detail from the Altar of Zeus at Pergamon
Pergamon, Turkey. 2nd century BCE 8’ tall

Nike of Samothrace
Greece. 2nd century BCE marble 8’ high

Barberini Faun
Italy. 3rd century BCE marble 7’ high

Venus de Milo, by Alexandros of Antioch on the Meander
Greece. 2nd century BCE marble 7’ high

Seated Boxer
Greece. 2nd century BCE bronze

  • Herakles and Nessos
  • Anavyasos Kouros
  • Peplos Kore
  • Zeus (or Poseidon)
  • Niobides Krater
  • Doryphoros
  • Acropolis
  • Parthenon
  • Helios, horses, and Dionysus
  • Lapith vs Centaur
  • Panathenaic Procession
  • Temple of Athena Nike
  • Nike Adjusting her Sandal
  • Grave Stele of Hegeso
  • Athenian Agora
  • Stoa of Attlos II
  • Altar of Zeus
  • Nike of Samothrace
  • Barberini Faun
  • Venus de Milo
  • Seated Boxer
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