Gothic and Proto-Renaissance Art

Concurrent Dates

Target Concepts

  • Gothic Art was born in the north (Paris), the Renaissance was born in the south (Florence)
  • The Virgin Mary was frequently the subject of art during the Gothic period
  • The pointed arch allowed Gothic architects to allow for new forms, including greater verticality and larger windows
  • Gothic architecture was obsessed with verticality, light, and unified interior spaces
  • Gothic art is heavily rooted in the medieval “cloisonné” style
  • The South rejected Gothic art style, preferring naturalism and simpler harmonies
  • Renaissance art returns to the tradition of working from observation and the use of models
  • Giotto establishes the canon for pictorial arts in the West
  • Art of the Early Renaissance demonstrates influence from the Byzantine Empire
  • While the patron dictates everything about the artworks being created, artists are beginning to gain some artistic freedom

Gothic Art
Chapter 18

Gothic Architecture

Giorgio Vasari, gothic rib vault, flying buttress

Abbot Suger

Chivalry and the Cult of Mary

The Affects of Patronage

Chartres Cathedral
France, 1145 CE height from floor to vault is 118’, 430’ in length, tallest tower is 370’
Jamb, jamb statues, fleur-de-lis, bar tracery

  • The Royal Portal, with detail of Old Testament queen and two kings
  • Notre Dame de la Belle Verriere
  • Rose Window and Lancets
  • Saints Martin, Jerome, and Gregory jamb statues

Notre-Dame of Paris
France, 1180 CE height from floor to vault is 107’
Flying buttress, finials, crossing spire

The Bible Moralisee
France, 1234 CE ink, tempera, and gold leaf on vellum

  • Dedication Page with Blanche of Castile and King Louis IX
  • Scenes from the Apocalypse

Rottgen Pieta
Germany, 1300 CE painted wood 2’ high
Pieta

The Plagues of Egypt
From the Golden Haggadah
Spain, 1320 CE pigments on vellum