Readers ask: Who Made The Sculpture On The Parthenin?

Athens, 438–432 BC. Pheidias was the most famous sculptor of all antiquity. He is best known as the artistic director of the Athenian building programme, including the Parthenon sculptures and the colossal gold and ivory statue of Athena Parthenos that stood inside the Parthenon.

Who made Parthenon frieze?

Where are they from? The Parthenon Sculptures are from Athens, Greece. The Parthenon was constructed in the 5th century BC, reflecting the power and dominance of the then city-state of Athens.

Who built the Parthenon and who did it honor?

Work on the Parthenon began in 447 bceunder the architects Ictinus and Callicrates with the supervision of the sculptor Phidias. The building was completed by 438, and that same year a great gold and ivory statue of Athena, made by Phidias for the interior, was dedicated.

Who designed the Parthenon quizlet?

Iktinos and Kalikrates are the chief architects that was built between 447 and 438 B.C. with the decorations being completed by 432 B.C. While the master builder is Phidias, all sculptures are credited to him.

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Who created the sculpture known as the discobolus discus thrower )?

The Discobolus or “discus thrower” is one of the most iconic artworks of classical antiquity. Originally sculpted in bronze by an Athenian man called Myron (born in the fortress-city of Eleutherae in the 5th century BC), the statue has gained fame largely through its many bronze and marble copies made by the Romans.

Who made the Varvakeion Athena?

The Varvakeion, a Roman marble copy (c. ad 130) of the colossal gold and ivory statue of the Athena Parthenos by Phidias (438 bc); in the National Archaeological Museum, Athens.

Who is on the Parthenon?

The cella of the Parthenon housed the chryselephantine statue of Athena Parthenos sculpted by Phidias and dedicated in 439 or 438 BC.

What do the metope sculptures on the Parthenon all represent?

The metopes have a purely warlike theme, like the decoration of the chryselephantine statue of Athena Parthenos housed in the Parthenon. This general theme is considered to be a metaphor for the Median wars and thus the triumph of the city of Athens.

How and where was sculpture incorporated into the decoration of the Parthenon?

Parthenon sculptures The metopes (carved in high relief) were placed at the same level as the frieze above the architrave surmounting the columns on the outside of the temple. The pediment sculptures (carved in the round) filled the triangular gables at each end.

Who wrote the history of the Persian Wars?

The original Athena Parthenos created by Pheidias in the fifth century BC was stripped of its gold fixtures by Lachares in around 296 BC. What remained of the statue was almost certainly destroyed by a fire in the east naos of the Parthenon that must have taken place sometime shortly before around 165 BC.

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What materials was the Parthenon made of?

The main building material was Pentelic marble quarried from the flanks of Mt. Pentelikon, located about 10 mi/ 16 km from Athens. (The old Parthenon, the one destroyed by the Persians while it was partway through construction was the first temple to use this kind of marble.)

Why was the Parthenon dedicated to Athena?

As with most buildings on the Acropolis it was dedicated to Athena to thank the Goddess for their success. The Parthenon was finally finished in 432 BC and was to show the world the dominance and power of Athens. The vast majority of the money used in the construction came from the Delian League funds.

Who fought in the Peloponnesian War?

The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta —the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region.

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