Built between 447 and 432 BCE, the Parthenon was dedicated to Athena, the patron deity of Athens, and contained a huge twelve metre high cult statue of the goddess made of wood, ivory, and a whopping 1,140 kilos of gold.
- 1 Which sculpture is located at the Parthenon?
- 2 What was the Parthenon built to contain?
- 3 Which Greek sculpture is known for the Parthenon?
- 4 What types of art was found within the Parthenon?
- 5 Where are the Parthenon sculptures?
- 6 What architectural style is the Parthenon?
- 7 What type of rock is the Parthenon made of?
- 8 What materials and tools did builders of the Parthenon use?
- 9 Why was the Parthenon built for Athena?
- 10 What were the themes of the architectural sculptures on the Parthenon?
- 11 How big was the statue of Athena in the Parthenon?
- 12 Was the Parthenon built for Athena?
- 13 What happened to Athena statue in Parthenon?
- 14 What materials made up the real statue of Athena Parthenos?
Which sculpture is located at the Parthenon?
Pheidias was the most famous sculptor of all antiquity. He is best known as the artistic director of the Athenian building programme, including the Parthenon sculptures and the colossal gold and ivory statue of Athena Parthenos that stood inside the Parthenon.
What was the Parthenon built to contain?
The Parthenon is a resplendent marble temple built between 447 and 432 B.C. during the height of the ancient Greek Empire. Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens.
Which Greek sculpture is known for the Parthenon?
Athena Parthenos (Ancient Greek: Ἀθηνᾶ Παρθένος) is a lost massive chryselephantine (gold and ivory) sculpture of the Greek goddess Athena, made by Phidias and his assistants and housed in the Parthenon in Athens; this statue was designed as its focal point. Parthenos (“maiden, virgin”) was an epithet of Athena.
What types of art was found within the Parthenon?
Externally, like most temples, the Parthenon was decorated with different types of stone sculpture, pedimental works, and extensive frieze of low reliefs. At the time of its creation, the Parthenon was seen as the culmination of High Classical Greek sculpture, and a tangible manifestation of Greek culture.
Where are the Parthenon sculptures?
Today all surviving examples of decoration from the Parthenon are found in museums; there are fragments in Paris, the Vatican, Copenhagen, Munich, Vienna and Würzburg. Of the 50% of the original sculptures that survive, about half are in the British Museum and half in Athens.
What architectural style is the Parthenon?
The Parthenon is the centrepiece of a 5th-century-BCE building campaign on the Acropolis in Athens. Constructed during the High Classical period, it is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric order, the simplest of the three Classical Greek architectural orders.
What type of rock is the Parthenon made of?
Its massive foundations were made of limestone, and the columns were made of Pentelic marble, a material that was utilized for the first time. The classicalParthenon was constructed between 447-432 BCE to be the focus of the Acropolis building complex.
What materials and tools did builders of the Parthenon use?
The main building material was Pentelic marble quarried from the flanks of Mt. Pentelikon, located about 10 mi/ 16 km from Athens. (The old Parthenon, the one destroyed by the Persians while it was partway through construction was the first temple to use this kind of marble.)
Why was the Parthenon built for Athena?
The residents of Athens constructed the Parthenon at the time when they were at the height of their dominance. The Parthenon was mainly constructed as a temple for the Goddess Athena who was the chief deity worshipped by the residents of Athens.
What were the themes of the architectural sculptures on the Parthenon?
The main theme of the sculpture was the fight between order and chaos, a metaphor for the wars between Greeks and the Persian enemy they considered “barbarians”.
How big was the statue of Athena in the Parthenon?
The colossal statue of the Athena Parthenos, which Phidias made for the Parthenon, was completed and dedicated in 438. The original work was made of gold and ivory and stood some 38 feet (12 metres) high. The goddess stood erect, wearing a tunic, aegis, and helmet and holding a Nike…
Was the Parthenon built for Athena?
The objects were removed from the Parthenon at Athens and from other ancient buildings and shipped to England by arrangement of Thomas Bruce, 7th Lord Elgin, who was British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire (1799–1803).
What happened to Athena statue in Parthenon?
The original Athena Parthenos created by Pheidias in the fifth century BC was stripped of its gold fixtures by Lachares in around 296 BC. What remained of the statue was almost certainly destroyed by a fire in the east naos of the Parthenon that must have taken place sometime shortly before around 165 BC.
What materials made up the real statue of Athena Parthenos?
Phidias completed the Lemnian Athena between 451-448 BCE. The massive chryselephantine cult statue, Athena Parthenos, was made out of gold and ivory and measured 12 meters in height.