Greek temples were often enhanced with figural decorations. especially the frieze areas offered space for reliefs and relief slabs; the pedimental triangles often contained scenes of free-standing sculpture.
- 1 What are the parts of a Greek temple?
- 2 What was inside a Greek temple?
- 3 What part of a temple is the bottom most part of the entablature?
- 4 What is the top part of a Greek temple called?
- 5 What are the two essential parts of any Greek sanctuary?
- 6 What are the main elements of Greek architecture?
- 7 Where are the Greek temples located?
- 8 What are the three parts of the entablature in Greek architecture?
- 9 What are parts of a temple?
- 10 Is the pediment part of the entablature?
- 11 What are the five main parts of a Greek temple?
- 12 What is the entrance to a Greek temple called?
- 13 What do columns represent?
What are the parts of a Greek temple?
The Greek temple may be divided vertically into three parts: floor, columns, and entablature. Each of these parts may be divided into three again.
What was inside a Greek temple?
The interior of the Greek temple characteristically consisted of a cella, the inner shrine in which stood the cult statue, and sometimes one or two antechambers, in which were stored the treasury with votive offerings.
Their shafts are sculpted with concave curves called flutes. The capitals are plain with a rounded section at the bottom, known as the echinus, and a square at the top, called the abacus. The entablature has a distinctive frieze decorated with vertical channels, or triglyphs.
What is the top part of a Greek temple called?
Cornice – the topmost part of a classical entablature. Pediment- in classical architecture, the low-pitched gable, or triangular area formed by the two slopes of the low-pitched roof of a temple, framed by the horizontal and raking cornices and sometimes filled with sculpture.
What are the two essential parts of any Greek sanctuary?
With the altar, its surrounding fence, and the perirrhanterion we now have the basic elements of a Greek sanctuary – the altar being required, the fence and perirrhanterion being very common.
What are the main elements of Greek architecture?
Greek architecture is known for tall columns, intricate detail, symmetry, harmony, and balance. The Greeks built all sorts of buildings. The main examples of Greek architecture that survive today are the large temples that they built to their gods.
Where are the Greek temples located?
Undeniably the most famous of ancient Greek temples, the Parthenon, dedicated to goddess Athena and perched on top of the Acropolis in Athens, is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the country.
What are the three parts of the entablature in Greek architecture?
The entablature is usually divided into three main sections: the lowest band, or architrave, which originally took the form of a simple beam running from support to support; the central band, or frieze, consisting of an unmolded strip with or without ornament; the top band, or cornice, constructed from a series of
What are parts of a temple?
The basic form of a Hindu structural temple consists of the following.
- Garbhagriha: It literally means ‘womb-house’ and is a cave like a sanctum.
- Mandapa: It is the entrance to the temple.
- Shikhara or Vimana:
- Antarala (vestibule):
Is the pediment part of the entablature?
The pediment was the crowning feature of the Greek temple front. The triangular wall surface of the pediment, called the tympanum, rested on an entablature (a composite band of horizontal moldings) carried over the columns.
What are the five main parts of a Greek temple?
Plan of a Typical Greek Temple
- Stereobate (or substructure).
- Colonnade (or peristyle).
- Porch (or pronaos).
- Cella (or naos).
- Rear porch (or opisthodomus).
What is the entrance to a Greek temple called?
Portico, colonnaded porch or entrance to a structure, or a covered walkway supported by regularly spaced columns. Porticoes formed the entrances to ancient Greek temples.
What do columns represent?
column, in architecture, a vertical element, usually a rounded shaft with a capital and a base, which in most cases serves as a support. A column may also be nonstructural, used for a decorative purpose or as a freestanding monument.