Trial Piece with Relief of Head of Akhenaten ca. 1353–1336 B.C.
- 1 Who made Akhenaten sculpture?
- 2 When was Akhenaten built?
- 3 Why was art created during Akhenaten?
- 4 Where was the relief of Akhenaten displayed?
- 5 How did pharaoh Akhenaten change art?
- 6 What historical circumstance does this sculpture of Taharqo represent?
- 7 How old was Akhenaten when he became pharaoh?
- 8 When was Amarna rediscovered?
- 9 Was Akhenaten the first monotheist?
- 10 How does the image of Akhenaten in his relief sculptures differ from that of traditional depictions of pharaohs?
- 11 Is Aten male or female?
- 12 Why did Akhenaten look different?
- 13 When was Akhenaten and his family made?
- 14 What was the original function of the relief sculpture depicting Akhenaten and Nefertiti with their three daughters?
- 15 What did Akhenaten do?
Who made Akhenaten sculpture?
Bek or Bak (Egyptian for “Servant”) was the first chief royal sculptor during the reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten. His father Men held the same position under Akhenaten’s father Amenhotep III; his mother Roi was a woman from Heliopolis. Bek grew up in Heliopolis, an important cult centre of the sun god Ra.
When was Akhenaten built?
The city was built as the new capital of the Pharaoh Akhenaten, dedicated to his new religion of worship to the Aten. Construction started in or around Year 5 of his reign (1346 BC) and was probably completed by Year 9 (1341 BC), although it became the capital city two years earlier.
Why was art created during Akhenaten?
Sculpture. Sculptures from the Amarna period are set apart from other periods of Egyptian art. One reason for this is the accentuation of certain features. The importance of the Sun God Aten is central to much of the Amarna period art, largely because Akhenaten’s rule was marked by the monotheistic following of Aten.
Where was the relief of Akhenaten displayed?
Neues Museum, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin. Berlin, Germany The famous altar relief from a house in Amarna shows Akhenaten with his wife Nefertiti and three of their daughters under the solar disc of Aten.
How did pharaoh Akhenaten change art?
In just under two decades on the throne, Akhenaten imposed new aspects of Egyptian religion, overhauled its royal artistic style, moved Egypt’s capital to a previously unoccupied site, implemented a new form of architecture and attempted to obliterate the names and images of some of Egypt’s traditional gods.
What historical circumstance does this sculpture of Taharqo represent?
The sphinx statue represented the power that Taharqo had over Egypt and the Kushites. It was his symbol for his wealth and power.
How old was Akhenaten when he became pharaoh?
It is unknown how old Amenhotep IV was when he did this; estimates range from 10 to 23. He was most likely crowned in Thebes, or less likely at Memphis or Armant. The beginning of Amenhotep IV’s reign followed established pharaonic traditions.
When was Amarna rediscovered?
The Amarna Letters are cuneiform tablets discovered at Akhetaten in 1887 CE by a local woman who was digging for fertilizer. They are the correspondence found between the kings of Egypt and those of foreign nations as well as official documents from the period.
Was Akhenaten the first monotheist?
Akhenaten’s exclusive worship of the sun god Aton led early Egyptologists to claim that he created the world’s first monotheistic religion. However, modern scholarship notes that Akhenaten’s cult drew from aspects of other gods—particularly re-Harakhte, Shu, and Maat—in its imagining and worship of Aton.
How does the image of Akhenaten in his relief sculptures differ from that of traditional depictions of pharaohs?
Akhenaten’s representations show him with an almost feminine body, with wide hips and breasts. His statues and carved relief depictions showed him with a drooping belly, long spindly arms, and a protruding chin. There is no doubt that this must have been how he looked in real life.
Is Aten male or female?
Aten was the sun disk, once an aspect of Ra, a much older Egyptian deity. Aten is described as the giver of all life, and as both male and female.
Why did Akhenaten look different?
And Akhenaten’s head was misshapen because of a condition in which skull bones fuse at an early age. The pharaoh had “an androgynous appearance. Redford said he supports Braverman’s belief that Akhenaten had Marfan syndrome, a genetic disorder marked by lengthened features, including fingers and the face.
When was Akhenaten and his family made?
House Altar depicting Akhenaten, Nefertiti and Three of their Daughters, limestone, New Kingdom, Amarna period, 18th dynasty, c. 1350 BCE (Ägyptisches Museum/Neues Museum, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin). Created by Beth Harris and Steven Zucker.
What was the original function of the relief sculpture depicting Akhenaten and Nefertiti with their three daughters?
Function: this piece was meant to be a house altar. the iconography of Aten and the depiction of the royal family of Akhenaten was propagated to encourage people to embrace the new monotheistic religion.
What did Akhenaten do?
Akhenaten was an Egyptian pharaoh who ruled during the Eighteenth Dynasty of the New Kingdom period of Ancient Egypt. He is famous for changing the traditional religion of Egypt from the worship of many gods to the worship of a single god named Aten. Akhenaten was born in Egypt around 1380 BC.