The Bronze Head from Ife, or Ife Head, is one of eighteen copper alloy sculptures that were unearthed in 1938 at Ife in Nigeria, the religious and former royal centre of the Yoruba people. It is believed to represent a king.
- 1 What major materials were used by ancient Ife artists to make portrait heads select all that apply?
- 2 What elements or principles of art does the IFE head use?
- 3 What was the IFE head used for?
- 4 What are the typical design characteristics of Ife sculpture?
- 5 What are kings in Ife called?
- 6 What is the king from Ife holding?
- 7 What does Ife art represent?
- 8 What does the Benin head represent?
- 9 What is the style of Ife art?
- 10 When was the IFE head made?
- 11 What are Dogon sculptures made of?
- 12 What is the meaning of Ife?
- 13 Who is the first king in Ile Ife?
- 14 What is the Benin term for their king?
- 15 Who excavated Ife artwork?
What major materials were used by ancient Ife artists to make portrait heads select all that apply?
The Yoruba of Ife made fine artworks in stone and ceramics, but above all they are famous for their life-size representations of human heads. The heads were made using the lost-wax method, a seven-step casting process that uses molten metal.
What elements or principles of art does the IFE head use?
Answer: Cast in bronze using the complicated lost wax technique, Ife Head gives an indelible impression of works of high artistic value. The ‘Art for the purpose of Art itself’ is used on this figure as a principle of creation of objects.
What was the IFE head used for?
It established significant political and religious authority in the lower Niger region, in what is now modern Nigeria. Its rulers promoted crafts, particularly copper-alloy casting, weaving, and bead-making. Its legacy includes outstanding naturalistic works of art in stone, terracotta and metal.
What are the typical design characteristics of Ife sculpture?
Ife is most well-known for its bronze sculptures, typically in a naturalistic style. Stone and terra cotta artwork was also common, and leaders were often depicted with large heads to indicate their power.
What are kings in Ife called?
The King (Ooni of Ile-Ife) The Oòni (or king) of Ife is a descendant of the godking Oduduwa, and is counted first among the Yoruba kings. He is traditionally considered the 401st spirit (Orisha), the only one that speaks.
What is the king from Ife holding?
He wears the traditional regalia of a king, a beaded crown and necklaces, and holds in his hands a scepter and a medicine horn, the symbols of his power and authority.
What does Ife art represent?
Ife today. Today Ife remains a major spiritual and religious centre for the Yoruba people. Some of its shrines and groves are still in use and rituals to key gods are performed regularly. Works of art from Ife have become iconic symbols of regional and national unity, and of pan-African identity.
What does the Benin head represent?
The head of the oba represents his physical and spiritual powers. The Edo people have a saying, The head leads one through life’s journey. As the center of vital functions sight, speech, hearing, thought, and will power the head symbolizes the powers of a successful leader.
What is the style of Ife art?
The art-historical importance of Ife works lies in their highly developed and distinctive sculptural style, described alternately as naturalistic, portraitlike, and humanistic. The delicately rendered vertical facial striations that appear on many of the sculptures may represent scarification patterns.
When was the IFE head made?
The identification and function of the head, in common with the others discovered at this site, remain uncertain. Its elaborate beaded headdress, possibly representing a crown, suggest that it was associated with an Ooni, a ruler of Ife. It was made between 1200 – 1400 CE.
What are Dogon sculptures made of?
Many sculpture recreates the silhouettes of the Tellem culture, featuring raised arms and a thick patina, or surface layer, made of blood and millet beer.
What is the meaning of Ife?
a male or female given name: from a Yoruba word meaning “ love.”
Who is the first king in Ile Ife?
Ile-Ife is the cradle of civilisation for millions of people all over the world. That title is not a joking matter.” As descendants of Oduduwa, the first king of Ile-Ife who is believed to have been a demi-God who descended from heaven to create the earth, the Oonis are considered sacred.
What is the Benin term for their king?
The Oba of Benin is the traditional ruler and the custodian of the culture of the Edo people and all Edoid people and head of the historic Eweka dynasty of the Benin kingdom.
Who excavated Ife artwork?
In 1910 the German anthropologist Leo Frobenius visited the Nigerian city of Ife and brought several ancient terracotta heads back to Germany. He claimed a Greek colony in Africa produced the incredibly naturalistic sculpture he discovered (Willett 1967: 14).