3.1 Color Notes

For each of the terms below, write the definition and then mark the appropriate colors with paint as part of the definition.  If you are doing this at home, you may use markers or colored pencils to mark the colors instead of paint.  I have a small example of what these notes would look like in the attachment below.

Color Notes

Properties of Paint

Pigment: the material that gives paint its color.

Medium:  the liquid mixed with pigments to make paint.

Medium (2nd definition):  the material or form used by an artist.  example:  if you are drawing with a pencil, then graphite is your medium.

Transparent:  able to let light pass through.  See-through.

Opaque:  thick, not capable of letting light pass through.  Not see-through.

Properties of Color

Hue:  The name of the color.

Value:  Lightness or darkness of the color.

Intensity:  The brightness or dullness of the color.

For each of the following definitions, paint small dots of color next to the definition that match that definition.

Primary Colors:  The basic colors from which all other colors are mixed. (Red, Yellow, Blue)

Secondary Colors: Colors made from mixing two primary colors.  (Orange, Purple, Green)

Write out and paint (as a formula) how to make the different colors:

Orange = yellow + red

Purple = blue + red

Green = yellow + blue

Neutral Colors:  Hues not found on the color wheel.  (Black, White, Brown)

Red + Yellow + Blue = Brown

Tint:  A color plus white.  Example:  pink is a tint of red.

(color) + white = (lighter version of that color)

Shade:  A color plus black.  Example:  scarlet is a shade of red.

      (color) + black = (darker version of that color)

Attached below is a color wheel.  Recreate one of these in your notes.  The color wheel is an arrangement of colors that helps to explain the relationships between colors.


Color Schemes

For each of these color schemes I want you to also place dots of colors next to the definition which matched that definition.  For example, if asked to define primary colors you would follow that up with a dots of red, yellow, and blue.

Color schemes:  A way of organizing colors.

Monochromatic:  A color scheme involving only a color and its tints and shades.

Analogous:  Scheme of any three colors related to each other on the color wheel.  They are always side-by-side.  (Ex.Y, G, B) or (Ex.R, B, V)

Warm Colors: Appear warm and seem to advance towards you.  (ex. red, yellow, orange)

Cool Colors:  Appear cool and seem to recede from you.  (ex. blue, green, purple)

Complementary Colors:  Colors directly opposite of each other on the color wheel. R & G, Y & V, B & O.

Roy G Biv:  the colors of the spectrum listed in order; the colors of the rainbow listed in order.  Red, Orange, Yellow, Blue, Indigo, and Violet.  WE tend to mush the last two together and call it purple.  With this mnemonic you can easily recreate a color wheel and see certain color relationships.