Value Scales and Study

The goal of this assignment is for you to see the wide range of values your pencil can create, as well as some of the different techniques which may be used for shading.

You are to create 6 rows of seven boxes.  Each box should be 1″x1″.  An example of what I am wanting you to produce is provided in the attachment below.  In each of these rows, try out one of the following techniques:

  • “grainy”/colored:  Color in the box completely, as if you were coloring something with a crayon.  By changing the pressure of the pencil, you can create lighter or darker tones.  Create a scale which progresses from the darkest black you can produce, through lighter and lighter grays, until you get to white.
  • Hatching:  Hatching is shading by drawing parallel lines.  The more lines you place per square inch, the darker the box will look.  The fewer lines you place, the lighter it will look.
  • Cross-hatching:  Similar to hatching, but now you have lines which cross each other.  Again, the lightness or darkness of the box is created by how many marks you make.
  • “blended”/smudged:  Create a series of boxes going from dark to light using the “grainy” method.  Once you have done so, take a paper towel, or your finger, and smudge the values together so that they become blended.  This is to help the values look like they evenly fade.  Don’t forget to leave the white box appearing white.
  • Invented:  For the fifth row of boxes, what kind of mark you use is up to you.  It can be shapes, or letters, small tick marks, or points made with the pencil.  They will all work off of the same basic idea:  the more marks you make in a single area, the darker that area will look.
  • Charcoal: For the final row the gradation should be done in charcoal.  Use the stumps and the erasers to help lighten the values.

The image below has examples of these styles.  They are, going from left to right:  invented, blended, cross-hatching, hatching, grainy.

Shaded Object

Now you to use the photo of the duck below to render out a drawing that matches the values you see, as closely as possible.  Make sure to maintain a true white, find a true black, and have several grays in between.

You need two drawings in total:  one in pencil and one in charcoal.  I recommend using the same object for both drawings so that you can bet a better comparison of how charcoal works.