AP List of Required Works

The following is the list of 250-ish works that the College Board has set as the list of works to be used for the AP test.

I am providing this list to help you with your study and preparation for the AP Test. This should let you focus in on the works that you may be directly asked about on the test.

While the list is looooooong, if you take a look we have (or will have) covered the vast majority of this material.

Please note the last two groups: Indigenous Americas and Oceanic. These are the only works we may not have time to cover in class; bonus Saturday tutoring over this material may be scheduled.

Global Prehistory 30,000–500 B.C.E.

Apollo 11 stones. Namibia. c. 25,500–25,300 B.C.E. Charcoal on stone

Great Hall of the Bulls. Lascaux, France. Paleolithic Europe. 15,000–13,000 B.C.E. Rock painting

Camelid sacrum in the shape of a canine. Tequixquiac, central Mexico. 14,000–7000 B.C.E. Bone

Running horned woman. Tassili n’Ajjer, Algeria. 6000–4000 B.C.E. Pigment on rock

Bushel with ibex motifs. Susa, Iran. 4200–3500 B.C.E. Painted terra cotta

Anthropomorphic stele. Arabian Peninsula. Fourth millennium B.C.E. Sandstone

Jade cong. Liangzhu, China. 3300–2200 B.C.E. Carved jade

Stonehenge. Wiltshire, UK. Neolithic Europe. c. 2500–1600 B.C.E. Sandstone

The Ambum Stone. Ambum Valley, Enga Province, Papua New Guinea. c. 1500 B.C.E. Greywacke

Tlatilco female figurine. Central Mexico, site of Tlatilco. 1200–900 B.C.E. Ceramic with traces of pigment

Terra cotta fragment. Lapita. Solomon Islands, Reef Islands. 1000 B.C.E. Terra cotta (incised)

Ancient Near East 3,500 – 300 B.C.E.

White Temple and its ziggurat. Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq). Sumerian. c. 3500–3000 B.C.E. Mud brick.

Statues of votive figures, from the Square Temple at Eshnunna (modern Tell Asmar, Iraq). Sumerian.  2700 B.C.E. Gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone

Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur (modern Tell el-Muqayyar, Iraq). Sumerian. c. 2600–2400 B.C.E. Wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone

The Code of Hammurabi. Babylon (modern Iran). Susian. c. 1792–1750 B.C.E. Basalt

Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad, Iraq). Neo-Assyrian. c. 720–705 B.C.E. Alabaster

Audience Hall (apadana) of Darius and Xerxes. Persepolis, Iran. Persian. c. 520–465 B.C.E. Limestone, area 1195 sq. yards, 72 columns 78’8” tall.

Ancient Egypt 3000-1100 B.C.E.

Palette of King Narmer. Predynastic Egypt. c. 3000–2920 B.C.E. Greywacke

Seated scribe. Saqqara, Egypt. Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty. c. 2620–2500 B.C.E. Painted limestone

Great Pyramids (Menkaura, Khafre, Khufu) and Great Sphinx. Giza, Egypt. Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty. c. 2550–2490 B.C.E. Cut limestone

King Menkaura and queen. Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty. c. 2490–2472 B.C.E. Greywacke with traces of red and black paint

Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall. Karnak, near Luxor, Egypt. New Kingdom, 18th and 19th Dynasties. Temple: c. 1550 B.C.E.; hall: c. 1250 B.C.E. Cut sandstone and mud brick

Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut. Near Luxor, Egypt. New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty. c. 1473–1458 B.C.E. Sandstone, partially carved into a rock cliff, and red granite

Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters. New Kingdom (Amarna), 18th Dynasty. c. 1353–1335 B.C.E. Limestone

Tutankhamun’s tomb, innermost coffin. New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty. c. 1323 B.C.E. Gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones

Last judgment of Hu-Nefer, from his tomb (page from the Book of the Dead). New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty. c. 1275 B.C.E. Painted papyrus scroll

Africa 1100–1980 C.E.

Conical tower and circular wall of Great Zimbabwe. Southeastern Zimbabwe. Shona peoples. c. 1000–1400 C.E. Coursed granite blocks

Wall plaque, from Oba’s Palace. Edo peoples, Benin (Nigeria). 16th century C.E. Cast brass

Sika dwa kofi (Golden Stool). Ashanti peoples (south central Ghana). c. 1700 C.E. Gold over wood and cast-gold attachments

Ndop (portrait figure) of King Mishe miShyaang maMbul. Kuba peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo). c. 1760–1780 C.E. Wood

Power figure (Nkisi n’kondi)Kongo peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo). c. late 19th century C.E. Wood and metal

Portrait mask (Mblo). Baule peoples (Côte d’Ivoire). Late 19th to early 20th century C.E. Wood and pigment

Female (Pwo) mask. Chokwe peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo). Late 19th to early 20th century C.E. Wood, fiber, pigment, and metal

Bundu mask. Sande Society, Mende peoples (West African forests of Sierra Leone and Liberia). 19th to 20th century C.E. Wood, cloth, and fiber

Ikenga (shrine figure). Igbo peoples (Nigeria). c. 19th to 20th century C.E. Wood.

Lukasa (memory board). Mbudye Society, Luba peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo). c. 19th to 20th century C.E. Wood, beads, and metal.

Aka elephant mask. Bamileke (Cameroon, western grassfields region). c. 19th to 20th century C.E. Wood, woven raffia, cloth, and bead

Reliquary figure (nlo bieri). Fang peoples (southern Cameroon). c. 19th to 20th century C.E. Wood

Veranda post of enthroned king and senior wife. Olowe of Ise (Yoruba peoples). c. 1910-1914 C.E. Wood and pigment

Ancient Greece 600-100 B.C.E.

Athenian agora. Archaic through Hellenistic Greek. 600 B.C.E.–150 C.E.

Anavysos Kouros. Archaic Greek. c. 530 B.C.E. Marble with remnants of paint

Peplos Kore from the Acropolis. Archaic Greek. c. 530 B.C.E. Marble, painted details

Niobides Krater. Anonymous vase painter of Classical Greece known as the Niobid Painter. c. 460–450 B.C.E. Clay, red-figure technique (white highlights)

Doryphoros (Spear Bearer). Polykleitos. Original 450–440 B.C.E. Roman copy (marble) of Greek original (bronze)

Acropolis. Athens, Greece. Iktinos and Kallikrates. c. 447–424 B.C.E. Marble.

Parthenon. Akropolis, Athens. 447-432. B.C.E. Pentelic marble. Athens, Greece.

Helios, horses, and Dionysus (Heracles?). East pediment of the Parthenon, c. 447-432 B.C.E.

Temple of Athena Nike. Akropolis, Athens. Kallikarates. 447-432. B.C.E. Pentelic marble. Athens, Greece.

Victory adjusting her sandal. Fragment of relief decoration from the parapet (now destroyed). Temple of Athena Nike, Akropolis, Athens. Last quarter of the 5th century (perhaps 410-405) B.C.E. Marble

Plaque of the Ergastines. Detail of the Procession, from the Ionic frieze on the east side of the Parthenon, c. 447-432 B.C.E. Marble

Grave stele of Hegeso. Attributed to Kallimachos. c. 410 B.C.E. Marble and paint

Winged Victory of SamothraceHellenistic Greek. c. 190 B.C.E. Marble

Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon. Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). Hellenistic Greek.  175 B.C.E. Marble (architecture and sculpture

Athena Attacking the Giants, Detail of the frieze from the east front of the altar from Pergamon, c. 175-150 B.C.E. Marble

Seated boxerHellenistic Greek. c. 100 B.C.E

Etruscan and Ancient Rome 500 B.C.E. – 100 C.E.

Sarcophagus of the Spouses. Etruscan. c. 520 B.C.E. Terra cotta

Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy) and sculpture of Apollo. Master sculptor Vulca.  510–500 B.C.E. Original temple of wood, mud brick, or tufa (volcanic rock); terra cotta sculpture.

Apollo. Master Sculptor Vulca

Tomb of the Triclinium. Tarquinia, Italy. Etruscan. c. 480–470 B.C.E. Tufa and fresco

House of the Vettii. Pompeii, Italy. Imperial Roman. c. second century B.C.E.; rebuilt c. 62–79 C.E. Cut stone and fresco.

Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii. Republican Roman. c. 100 B.C.E. Mosaic. Roman copy of a Greek wall painting of c. 310 B.C.E., perhaps by Philoxenos of Eretria or Helen of Egypt

Head of a Roman patrician. Republican Roman. c. 75–50 B.C.E. Marble

Augustus of Prima Porta. Imperial Roman. Early first century C.E. Marble, originally colored

Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater). Rome, Italy. Imperial Roman. 70–80 C.E. Stone and concrete.

Forum of Trajan. Rome, Italy. Apollodorus of Damascus. Forum and markets: 106–112 C.E.; column completed 113 C.E. Brick and concrete (architecture); marble (column)

-Forum of Trajan (reconstruction drawing)

-Basilica Ulpia (reconstruction drawing)

-Trajan markets. Rome, 100-112 C.E.

-Column of Trajan. Rome. 113-118 C.E., or after 117 C.E. Marble

Pantheon. Imperial Roman. 118–125 C.E. Concrete with stone facing. -Dome of the Pantheon. c. 110-128 C.E. Brick, concrete, marble veneer

Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus. Late Imperial Roman. c. 250 C.E.

Petra, Jordan: Treasury and Great Temple. Nabataean Ptolemaic and Roman. c. 400 B.C.E.–100 C.E. Cut rock

Central, South, East, and Southeast Asia 500 B.C.E.–1980 C.E.

Buddha. Bamiyan, Afghanistan. Gandharan. c. 400–800 C.E. (destroyed in 2001). Cut rock with plaster and polychrome paint

Jowo Rinpoche, enshrined in the Jokhang Temple. Lhasa, Tibet. Yarlung Dynasty. Believed to have been brought to Tibet in 641 C.E. Gilt metals with semiprecious stones, pearls, and paint; various offerings.

Great Stupa at Sanchi. Madhya Pradesh, India. Buddhist; Maurya, late Sunga Dynasty. c. 300 B.C.E.–100 C.E. Stone masonry, sandstone on dome

Terra cotta warriors from mausoleum of the first Qin emperor of China. Qin Dynasty. c. 221–209 B.C.E. Painted terra cotta, life-size.

Funeral banner of Lady Dai (Xin Zhui). Han Dynasty, China. c. 180 B.C.E. Painted silk

Longmen caves. Luoyang, China. Tang Dynasty. 493–1127 C.E. Limestone. -Detail – Vairocana Buddha, disciples, and bodhisattvas, Fengxian Temple, Longmen Caves, Luoyang, China, Tang dynasty, complete 676. Limestone, Buddha

Gold and jade crown. Three Kingdoms Period, Silla Kingdom, Korea. Fifth to sixth century C.E. Metalwork

Todai-ji. Nara, Japan. Various artists, including sculptors Unkei and Keikei, as well as the Kei School. 743 C.E.; rebuilt c. 1700. Bronze and wood (sculpture); wood with ceramic-tile roofing (architecture).

Great Buddha – Vairocana Buddha (Daibutsu), Nara period, bronze

Nio guardian statue (Two Kings) – sculptors Unkei and Kaikei, 1203 C.E.

Borobudur Temple. Central Java, Indonesia. Sailendra Dynasty. c. 750–842 C.E. Volcanic-stone masonry.

Angkor, the temple of Angkor Wat, and the city of Angkor Thom, Cambodia. Hindu, Angkor Dynasty. c. 800–1400 C.E. Stone masonry, sandstone.

Lakshmana Temple. Khajuraho, India. Hindu, Chandella Dynasty. c. 930–950 C.E Sandstone

Travelers among Mountains and Streams. Fan Kuan. c. 1000 C.E. Ink on silk

Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja). Hindu; India (Tamil Nadu), Chola Dynasty. c. 11th century C.E. Cast bronze

Night Attack on the Sanjô Palace. Kamakura Period, Japan. c. 1250–1300 C.E. Handscroll (ink and color on paper)

The David Vases. Yuan Dynasty, China. 1351 C.E. White porcelain with cobalt-blue underglaze

Portrait of Sin Sukju (1417–1475). Imperial Bureau of Painting. c. 15th century C.E. Hanging scroll (ink and color on silk)

Forbidden City. Beijing, China. Ming Dynasty. 15th century C.E. and later. Stone masonry, marble, brick, wood, and ceramic tile.

Ryoan-ji. Kyoto, Japan. Muromachi Period, Japan. c. 1480 C.E.; current design most likely dates to the 18th century. Rock garden

Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shaikh to Kings. Bichitr. c. 1620 C.E. Watercolor, gold, and ink on paper

Taj Mahal. Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. Masons, marble workers, mosaicists, and decorators working under the supervision of Ustad Ahmad Lahori, architect of the emperor. 1632–1653 C.E. Stone masonry and marble with inlay of precious and semiprecious stones; gardens.

White and Red Plum Blossoms. Ogata Korin. c. 1710–1716 C.E. Ink, watercolor, and gold leaf on paper

Under the Wave off Kanagawa (Kanagawa oki nami ura), also known as the Great Wave, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji. Katsushika Hokusai. 1830–1833 C.E. Polychrome woodblock print; ink and color on paper

Chairman Mao en Route to Anyuan. Artist unknown; based on an oil painting by Liu Chunhua. c. 1969 C.E. Color lithograph 

Early Christian, Byzantine, and Islamic Art 200-1600 C.E.

Catacomb of Priscilla. Rome, Italy. Late Antique Europe. c. 200–400 C.E. Excavated tufa and fresco.

Santa Sabina. Rome, Italy. Late Antique Europe. c. 422–432 C.E. Brick and stone, wooden roof.

Rebecca and Eliezer at the Well and Jacob Wrestling the Angelfrom the Vienna Genesis. Early Byzantine Europe. Early sixth century C.E. Illuminated manuscript (pigments on vellum)

San Vitale. Ravenna, Italy. Early Byzantine Europe. c. 526–547 C.E. Brick, marble, and stone veneer; mosaic

Justinian and Attendants. South wall of the apse. Church of San Vitale, Ravenna. c. 547

Theodora and Attendants. South wall of the apse. Church of San Vitale, Ravenna. c. 547

Hagia Sophia. Constantinople (Istanbul). Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus. 532–537 C.E. Brick and ceramic elements with stone and mosaic veneer.

Virgin (Theotokos) and Child between Saints Theodore and George. Early Byzantine Europe. Sixth or early seventh century C.E. Encaustic on wood

The Kaaba. Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Islamic. Pre-Islamic monument; rededicated by Muhammad in 631–632 C.E.; multiple renovations. Granite masonry, covered with silk curtain and calligraphy in gold and silver-wrapped thread

Great Mosque. Córdoba, Spain. Umayyad. c. 785–786 C.E. Stone masonry

Pyxis of al-Mughira. Umayyad. c. 968 C.E. Ivory

Alhambra Palace. Granada, Spain. Nasrid Dynasty. 1354–1391 C.E. Whitewashed adobe stucco, wood, tile, paint, and gilding.

Mosque of Selim II. Edirne, Turkey. Sinan (architect). 1568–1575 C.E. Brick and stone.

Great Mosque of Djenné. Mali. Founded c. 1200 C.E.; rebuilt 1906–1907. Adobe

Dome of the Rock. Jerusalem, Palestine. Islamic, Umayyad. 691–692 C.E., with multiple renovations. Stone masonry and wooden roof decorated with glazed ceramic tile, mosaics, and gilt aluminum and bronze dome

Great Mosque (Masjid-e Jameh). Isfahan, Iran. Islamic, Persian: Seljuk, Il-Khanid, Timurid and Safavid Dynasties. c. 700 C.E.

Folio from a Qur’an. Arab, North Africa, or Near East. Abbasid. c. eighth to ninth century C.E. Ink, color, and gold on parchment

Basin (Baptistère de St. Louis). Muhammad ibn al-Zain. c. 1320–1340 C.E. Brass inlaid with gold and silver

Bahram Gur Fights the Karg, folio from the Great Il-Khanid Shahnama. Islamic; Persian, Il’Khanid. c. 1330–1340 C.E. Ink and opaque watercolor, gold, and silver on paper

The Court of Gayumars, folio from Shah Tahmasp’s Shahnama. Sultan Muhammad. c. 1522–1525 C.E. Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper

The Ardabil Carpet. Maqsud of Kashan. 1539–1540 C.E. Silk and wool 

Medieval and Gothic 500 – 1400 C.E.

Merovingian looped fibula. Early medieval Europe. Mid-sixth century C.E. Silver gilt worked in filigree, with inlays of garnets and other stones

Lindisfarne Gospels: St. Matthew, cross-carpet page; St. Luke portrait page; St. Luke incipit page. Early medieval (Hiberno Saxon) Europe. c. 700 C.E. Illuminated manuscript (ink, pigments, and gold on vellum)

Church of Sainte-Foy. Conques, France. Romanesque Europe. Church: c. 1050–1130 C.E.

Reliquary of Saint Foy: ninth century C.E., with later additions. Stone (architecture); stone and paint (tympanum); gold, silver, gemstones, and enamel over wood (reliquary).

The Last Judgment. Tympanum of the West gate of St Foy

Reliquary of Sainte-Foy (St. Faith) Height 33”. Church Treasury, Conques, France.

Bayeux Tapestry. Romanesque Europe (English or Norman). c. 1066–1080 C.E. Embroidery

Chartres Cathedral. Chartres, France. Gothic Europe. Original construction c. 1145–1155 C.E.; reconstructed c. 1194–1220 C.E. Limestone, stained glass.

West Façade, Chartres Cathedral (Cathedral of Notre-Dame). France.

Great Portal of the West Façade, Christ’s Ascension, the Second Coming, and Jesus in the lap of the Virgin Mary. Royal Portal, West Façade, Chartres Cathedral. c. 1145-1155.

Notre Dame de la Belle Verriere window, detail of a window in the choir of Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France. ca. 1170

Dedication Page with Blanche of Castile and King Louis IX of France and Scenes from the Apocalypse, from a Bible moralisée. Gothic Europe. c. 1226–1234 C.E. Illuminated manuscript (ink, tempera, and gold leaf on vellum)

Röttgen Pietà. Late medieval Europe. c. 1300–1325 C.E. Painted wood

Golden Haggadah (The Plagues of Egypt, Scenes of Liberation, and Preparation for Passover). Late medieval Spain. c. 1320 C.E. Illuminated manuscript (pigments on vellum).

Renaissance 1300-1550 C.E.

Arena Chapel, including Lamentation. Padua, Italy. Unknown architect; Giotto di Bondone (artist). Chapel: c. 1303 C.E.; Fresco: c. 1305. Brick (architecture) and fresco.

Lamentation. Giotto di Bondone. North wall of Scrovengni (Arena) Chapel. Padua, Italy. 1305-1306. Fresco

Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece). Workshop of Robert Campin. 1427–1432 C.E.

Pazzi Chapel. Basilica di Santa Croce. Florence, Italy. Filippo Brunelleschi (architect). c. 1429–1461 C.E. Masonry.

The Arnolfini Portrait. Jan van Eyck. c. 1434 C.E. Oil on wood, 33” x 22 ½”. The National Gallery, London, England.

David. Donatello. c. 1440–1460 C.E. Bronze, height 5’2 ¼”. Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence, Italy.

Palazzo Rucellai. Florence, Italy. Leon Battista Alberti (architect). c. 1450 C.E. Stone, masonry.

Madonna and Child with Two Angels. Fra Filippo Lippi. c. 1465 C.E. Tempera on wood

Birth of Venus. Sandro Botticelli. c. 1484–1486 C.E. Tempera on canvas

Last Supper. Leonardo da Vinci. c. 1494–1498 C.E. Oil and tempera

Adam and Eve. Albrecht Dürer. 1504 C.E.

Sistine Chapel ceiling and altar wall frescoes. Vatican City, Italy. Michelangelo

-The Delphic Sibyl

-The Flood

School of Athens. Raphael. 1509–1511 C.E. Fresco

Venus of Urbino. Titian. c. 1538 C.E. Oil on canvas

Mannerism, Art of the Reformation, Baroque, Colonial, and Rococo 1500-1700 C.E.

Isenheim altarpiece. Matthias Grünewald. c. 1512–1516 C.E. Oil on wood

Entombment of Christ. Jacopo da Pontormo. 1525–1528 C.E. Oil on wood

Allegory of Law and Grace. Lucas Cranach the Elder. c. 1530 C.E. Woodcut

Il Gesù, including Triumph of the Name of Jesus ceiling fresco. Rome, Italy

Hunters in the Snow. Pieter Bruegel the Elder. 1565 C.E. Oil on wood

Calling of Saint Matthew. Caravaggio. c. 1597–1601 C.E. Oil on canvas

Henri IV Receives the Portrait of Marie de’ Medici, from the Marie de’ Medici Cycle. Peter Paul Rubens

Self-Portrait with Saskia. Rembrandt van Rijn. 1636 C.E. Etching

San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane. Rome, Italy. Francesco Borromini (architect). 1638–1646 C.E. Stone and stucco.

Ecstasy of Saint Teresa. Cornaro Chapel, Church of Santa Maria della Vittoria. Rome, Italy. Gian Lorenzo Bernini. c. 1647–1652 C.E. Marble (sculpture); stucco and gilt bronze (chapel)

Angel with Arquebus, Asiel Timor Dei. Master of Calamarca (La Paz School). c. 17th century C.E. Oil on canvas

Las Meninas. Diego Velázquez. c. 1656 C.E. Oil on canvas

Woman Holding a Balance. Johannes Vermeer. c. 1664 C.E. Oil on canvas

The Palace at Versailles. Versailles, France. Louis Le Vau and Jules Hardouin-Mansart (architects). Begun 1669 C.E. Masonry, stone, wood, iron, and gold leaf (architecture); marble and bronze (sculpture)

Hall of Mirrors, Palace of Versaille. Jules Hardouin-Mansart and Charles Le Brun. Begun 1678

Screen with the Siege of Belgrade and hunting scene. Circle of the González Family. c. 1697–1701 C.E. Tempera and resin on wood, shell inlay

The Virgin of Guadalupe (Virgen de Guadalupe). Miguel González. c. 1698 C.E. Based on original Virgin of Guadalupe. Basilica of Guadalupe, Mexico City. 16th century C.E. Oil on canvas on wood, inlaid with mother-of-pearl

Fruit and Insects. Rachel Ruysch. 1711 C.E. Oil on wood

Spaniard and Indian Produce a Mestizo. Attributed to Juan Rodríguez Juárez. c. 1715 C.E. Oil on canvas

Art of the Enlightenment: Naturalness, Neo-Classical, and Romantic 1700-1900 C.E.

The Tête à Tête, from Marriage à la Mode. William Hogarth. c. 1743 C.E. Oil on canvas

Portrait of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Miguel Cabrera. c. 1750 C.E. Oil on canvas

A Philosopher Giving a Lecture at the Orrery. Joseph Wright of Derby

The Swing. Jean-Honoré Fragonard. 1767 C.E. Oil on canvas

Monticello. Virginia, U.S. Thomas Jefferson (architect). 1768–1809 C.E. Brick, glass, stone, and wood

The Oath of the Horatii. Jacques-Louis David. 1784 C.E. Oil on canvas

George Washington. Jean-Antoine Houdon. 1788–1792 C.E. Marble

Self-Portrait. Elisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun

Y no hai remedio (And There’s Nothing to Be Done), from Los Desastres de la Guerra (The Disasters of War), plate 15. Francisco de Goya. 1810–1823 C.E. (published 1863). Drypoint etching

La Grande Odalisque. Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres. 1814 C.E. Oil on canvas,

Liberty Leading the People. Eugène Delacroix. 1830 C.E. Oil on canvas

The Oxbow (View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm). Thomas Cole. 1836 C.E. Oil on canvas

Still Life in Studio. Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre. 1837 C.E. Photograph

Slave Ship (Slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming On). Joseph Mallord William Turner

Nadar Raising Photography to the Height of Art. Honoré Daumier. 1862 C.E. Lithograph

The Horse in Motion. Eadweard Muybridge. 1878 C.E. Photograph

Modernism to 1945 1840-1945 C.E.

Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament). London, England. Charles Barry and Augustus W. N. Pugin (architects). 1840–1870 C.E. Limestone masonry and glass.

The Stone Breakers. Gustave Courbet. 1849 C.E. (destroyed in 1945). Oil on canvas,

Olympia. Édouard Manet. 1863 C.E. Oil on canvas

The Saint-Lazare Station. Claude Monet. 1877 C.E. Oil on canvas

The Valley of Mexico from the Hillside of Santa Isabel (El Valle de México desde el Cerro de Santa Isabel). Jose María Velasco. 1882 C.E. Oil on canvas

The Burghers of Calais. Auguste Rodin. 1884–1895 C.E. Bronze

The Starry Night. Vincent van Gogh. 1889 C.E. Oil on canvas

The Coiffure. Mary Cassatt. 1890–1891 C.E. Drypoint and aquatint on laid paper

The Scream. Edvard Munch. 1893 C.E. Tempera and pastels on cardboard

Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? Paul Gauguin. 1897–1898 C.E. Oil on canvas

Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building. Chicago, Illinois, U.S. Louis Sullivan (architect). 1899–1903 C.E. Iron, steel, glass, and terra cotta.

Mont Sainte-Victoire. Paul Cézanne. 1902–1904 C.E. Oil on canvas

Les Demoiselles d’Avignon. Pablo Picasso. 1907 C.E. Oil on canvas

The Steerage. Alfred Stieglitz. 1907 C.E. Photograph.

The Kiss. Gustav Klimt. 1907–1908 C.E. Oil on canvas

The Kiss. Constantin Brancusi. 1907–1908 C.E. Limestone

The Portuguese. Georges Braque. 1911 C.E. Oil on canvas

Goldfish. Henri Matisse. 1912 C.E. Oil on canvas

Improvisation 28 (second version). Vassily Kandinsky. 1912 C.E. Oil on canvas

Self-Portrait as a Soldier. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. 1915 C.E. Oil on canvas

Memorial Sheet for Karl Liebknecht. Käthe Kollwitz. 1919–1920 C.E. Woodcut

Villa Savoye. Poissy-sur-Seine, France. Le Corbusier (architect). 1929 C.E. Steel and reinforced concrete

Composition with Red, Blue and Yellow. Piet Mondrian. 1930 C.E. Oil on canvas

Illustration from The Results of the First Five-Year Plan. Varvara Stepanova. 1932 C.E.

Object (Le Déjeuner en fourrure). Meret Oppenheim. 1936 C.E. Fur-covered cup, saucer, and spoon,

Fallingwater. Pennsylvania, U.S. Frank Lloyd Wright (architect). 1936–1939 C.E. Reinforced concrete, sandstone, steel, and glass.

The Two Fridas. Frida Kahlo. 1939 C.E. Oil on canvas

The Migration of the Negro, Panel no. 49. Jacob Lawrence. 1940–1941 C.E. Casein tempera on hardboard, 1’6” x 1’. Phillips Collection, Washington, DC. All of the 30 odd panels are in the Phillips Collection, Washington, DC. The 30 even panels are in the Museum of Modern Art, New York.

The Jungle. Wifredo Lam. 1943 C.E. Gouache on paper mounted on canvas

Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in the Alameda Park. Diego Rivera. 1947–1948 C.E. Fresco

Fountain (second version). Marcel Duchamp. 1950 C.E. (original 1917). Readymade glazed sanitary china with black paint, 1’ high. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Post Modernism and Global Contemporary 1945-Today C.E.

Woman, I. Willem de Kooning. 1950–1952 C.E. Oil on canvas

Seagram Building. New York City, U.S. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson (architects). 1954–1958 C.E. Steel frame with glass curtain wall and bronze.

Marilyn Diptych. Andy Warhol. 1962 C.E. Oil, acrylic, and silkscreen enamel on canvas

Narcissus Garden. Yayoi Kusama. Original installation and performance 1966. Mirror balls. Original installation, Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy

The Bay. Helen Frankenthaler. 1963 C.E. Acrylic on canvas

Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks. Claes Oldenburg. 1969–1974 C.E. Cor-Ten steel, steel, aluminum, and cast resin; painted with polyurethane enamel

Spiral Jetty. Great Salt Lake, Utah, U.S. Robert Smithson. 1970 C.E. Earthwork: mud, precipitated salt crystals, rocks, and water

House in New Castle County. Delaware, U.S. Robert Venturi, John Rauch, and Denise Scott Brown (architects). 1978–1983 C.E. Wood frame and stucco

The Gates. New York City, U.S. Christo and Jeanne-Claude. 1979–2005 C.E. Mixed-media installation

Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Washington, D.C., U.S. Maya Lin. 1982 C.E. Granite

Horn Players. Jean-Michel Basquiat. 1983 C.E. Acrylic and oil paintstick on three canvas panels

Summer Trees. Song Su-nam. 1983 C.E. Ink on paper

Androgyn III. Magdalena Abakanowicz. 1985 C.E. Burlap, resin, wood, nails, string

A Book from the Sky. Xu Bing. 1987–1991 C.E. Mixed-media installation.

Pink Panther. Jeff Koons. 1988 C.E. Glazed porcelain,

Untitled (#228), from the History Portraits series. Cindy Sherman. 1990 C.E. Photograph

Dancing at the Louvre, from the series The French Collection, Part I; #1. Faith Ringgold. 1991 C.E. Acrylic on canvas, tie-dyed, pieced fabric border

Trade (Gifts for Trading Land with White People). Jaune Quick-to-See Smith. 1992 C.E. Oil and mixed media on canvas

Earth’s Creation. Emily Kame Kngwarreye. 1994 C.E. Synthetic polymer paint on canvas

Rebellious Silence, from the Women of Allah series. Shirin Neshat (artist); photo by Cynthia Preston. 1994 C.E. Ink on photograph

En la Barberia no se Llora (No Crying Allowed in the Barbershop). Pepon Osorio. 1994 C.E. Mixed media installation. Collection of the Museum de Arte de Puerto Rico.

Pisupo Lua Afe (Corned Beef 2000). Michel Tuffery. 1994 C.E. Mixed media

Electronic Superhighway. Nam June Paik. 1995 C.E. Mixed-media installation (49-channel closed circuit video installation, neon, steel, and electronic components)

The Crossing. Bill Viola. 1996 C.E. Video/sound installation

Guggenheim Museum Bilbao. Spain. Frank Gehry (architect). 1997 C.E. Titanium, glass, and limestone.

Pure Land. Mariko Mori. 1998 C.E. Color photograph on glass

Lying with the Wolf. Kiki Smith. 2001 C.E. Ink and pencil on paper

Darkytown Rebellion. Kara Walker. 2001 C.E. Cut paper and projection on wall

The Swing (after Fragonard). Yinka Shonibare. 2001 C.E. Mixed-media installation. Tate Modern, London, England.

Old Man’s Cloth. El Anatsui. 2003 C.E. Aluminum and copper wire

Stadia II. Julie Mehretu. 2004 C.E. Ink and acrylic on canvas

Preying Mantra. Wangechi Mutu. 2006 C.E. Mixed media on Mylar. Brooklyn Museum, New York.

Shibboleth. Doris Salcedo. 2007–2008 C.E. Installation

MAXXI National Museum of XXI Century Arts. Rome, Italy. Zaha Hadid (architect). 2009 C.E. Glass, steel, and cement.

Kui Hua Zi (Sunflower Seeds). Ai Weiwei. 2010–2011 C.E. Sculpted and painted porcelain. Installation dimensions variable. Tate Modern, London, England, 2010.

Indigenous Americas 1000 B.C.E.–1980 C.E. (14 WORKS MAY NOT COVER IN CLASS)

Chavín de Huántar. Northern highlands, Peru. Chavín. 900–200 B.C.E. Stone (architectural complex); granite (Lanzón and sculpture); hammered gold alloy (jewelry).

Lanzón Stela, Chavín de Huántar, Peru. Chavín culture, c. 900 B.C.E. Granite

Nose ornament. Cut and hammered gold

Mesa Verde cliff dwellings. Montezuma County, Colorado. Anasazi. 450–1300 C.E. Sandstone.

Yaxchilán. Chiapas, Mexico. Maya. 725 C.E. Limestone (architectural complex).

Lintel 25, Structure 23, Lady Xoc, ca. 725 C.E. Limestone

Great Serpent Mound. Adams County, southern Ohio. Mississippian (Eastern Woodlands). c. 1070 C.E. Earthwork/effigy mound

Templo Mayor (Main Temple). Tenochtitlan (modern Mexico City, Mexico). Mexica (Aztec). 1375–1520 C.E. Stone (temple); volcanic stone (The Coyolxauhqui Stone); jadeite (Olmec-style mask); basalt (Calendar Stone).

The Coyolxauhqui Stone, from the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan, Mexico City, Mexico, Aztec, ca. 1469

Calendar Stone, Mexico. Aztec, c. 1500

Olmec-style mask, c. 1470, jadeite, offering 20, hornblende

Ruler’s feather headdress (probably of Motecuhzoma II). Mexica (Aztec). 1428–1520 C.E. Feathers (quetzal and cotinga) and gold

City of Cusco, including Qorikancha (main temple/church and convent of Santo Domingo) and Walls at Saqsa Waman (Sacsayhuaman). Central highlands, Peru. Inka. c. 1440 C.E. Sandstone.

Maize cobs. Inka. c. 1400–1533 C.E. Sheet metal/repousée, gold and silver alloys

City of Machu Picchu. Central highlands, Peru. Inka. c. 1450–1540 C.E. Granite (architectural complex)

Intihuatana Stone

All-T’oqapu tunic. Inka. 1450–1540 C.E. Camelid fiber and cotton

Bandolier bag. Lenape (eastern Delaware) tribe. c. 1850 C.E. Beadwork on leather

Transformation mask. Kwakwaka’wakw, Northwest coast of Canada. Late 19th century C.E. Wood, paint, and string.

Hide painting of Sun Dance. Attributed to Cotsiogo (Cadzi Cody), Eastern Shoshone, Wind River Reservation, Wyoming. c. 1890–1900 C.E. Painted elk hide

Black-on-black ceramic vessel. Maria Martínez and Julian Martínez, Tewa, Puebloan, San Ildefonso Pueblo, New Mexico. c. mid-20th century C.E. Blackware ceramic

Frontispiece of the Codex Mendoza. Viceroyalty of New Spain. c. 1541–1542 C.E. Pigment on paper 

The Pacific 700–1980 C.E. (11 WORKS MAY NOT COVER IN CLASS)

Nan Madol. Pohnpei, Micronesia. Saudeleur Dynasty. c. 700–1600 C.E. Basalt boulders and prismatic columns

Moai on platform (ahu). Rapa Nui (Easter Island). c. 1100–1600 C.E. Volcanic tuff figures on basalt base

‘Ahu ‘ula (feather cape). Hawaiian. Late 18th century C.E. Feathers and fiber

Staff god. Rarotonga, Cook Islands, central Polynesia. Late 18th to early 19th century C.E. Wood, tapa, fiber, and feathers

Female deity. Nukuoro, Micronesia. c. 18th to 19th century C.E. Wood

Buk (mask). Torres Strait. Mid- to late 19th century C.E. Turtle shell, wood, fiber, feathers, and shell

Hiapo (tapa). Niue. c. 1850–1900 C.E. Tapa or bark cloth, freehand painting

Tamati Waka Nene. Gottfried Lindauer. 1890 C.E. Oil on canvas

Navigation chart. Marshall Islands, Micronesia. 19th to early 20th century C.E. Wood and fiber

Malagan display and mask. New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea. c. 20th century C.E. Wood, pigment, fiber, and shell

Presentation of Fijian mats and tapa clots to Queen Elizabeth II. Fiji, Polynesia. 1953 C.E. Multimedia performance (costume; cosmetics, including scent; chant; movement; and pandanus fiber/hibiscus fiber mats)

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