Greek Art

Important Dates

776 BCE First Olympic games
753 BCE The Founding of Rome
600 BCE Mayan civilization begins in Mexico
499-479 BCE The Persian Wars
147 BCE Greece comes under Roman control
30 BCE Defeat of Cleopatra and Mark Antony by Octavian (Augustus Ceasar)

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Greek Art
Chapter 5

The People
Hellenes, Hellas

The Iliad and the Odyssey

Platonic Ideal

Man is the Measure of All Things
Anthropomorphism, Protagoras and the roots of Humanism

Geometric and Orientalizing Periods
9th-7th centuries BCE

Geometric Krater
Greece. 740 BCE 3’ high
Krater, meander

Hero and Centaur (Herakles and Nessos?)
Greece. 730 BCE bronze 5” high

Lady of Auxerre
Greece. 625 BCE limestone 2’ high
Kore (Korai), Daedalus, Daedalic Sculpture

Archaic Period
6th century BCE

Anavysos Kouros
Greece. 600 BCE marble 6’ high
Kouros (Kouroi), archaic smile

Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game, by Exekais
Italy. 540 BCE vessel is 2’ high
amphora, black-figure

Peplos Kore from the Acropolis
Greece. 530 BCE marble 4’ high

Classical Period
5th – 4th centuries BCE

The Persian Wars 499-479

Kritios Boy
From the Acropolis
Greece. 480 BCE marble 3’ high
Severe style, contrapposto

Zeus (or Poseidon?)
Greece. 460 BCE bronze 7’ high
Sculpture in the round

Niobides Krater, the Niobid Painter
Greece. 460 BCE clay, red figure technique with white highlights
Red Figure

Diskobolos (Discus Thrower), by Myron
Roman marble copy after a bronze original
Italy. 450 BCE 5’ high

Doryphoros (Spear Bearer), aka The Canon
Roman marble copy after a bronze original by Polykleitos
Italy. 450 BCE 7’ high

The Acropolis
Athens, Greece. 447-424 BCE
Pericles

Parthenon, by Iktinos and Kallikrates
The Acropolis, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE

Elgin Marbles

Helios, horses, and Dionysus (Heracles?)
The Parthenon, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE

Lapith versus centaur
The Parthenon, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE marble 5’ high
Centaurmachy

Details of the Panathenaic Festival procession frieze
The Parthenon, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE marble 4’ tall

Temple of Athena Nike
The Acropolis, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE

Nike Adjusting her Sandal
Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE marble
Wet drapery

Grave Stele of Hegeso, Kallimachos
Athens, Greece. 410 BCE marble and paint
Appropriation

Theater at Epidauros, by Polykeitos the Younger
Greece. 350 BCE the auditorium is 387’ in diameter
orchestra, theatron, skene

Aphrodite of Knidos
Roman marble copy after an original by Praxiteles
Italy. 350 BCE 7’ high

Hellenistic Period
4th BCE – 1st c CE

Alexander the Great

Athenian Agora and Stoa of Attalos II
Athens, Greece. 150 BCE
Agora

Reconstructed west front of the Altar of Zeus
Pergamon, Turkey. 175 BCE

Athena battling Alkyoneos
Detail from the Altar of Zeus at Pergamon
Pergamon, Turkey. 175 BCE 8’ tall
Gigantomachy

Nike of Samothrace
Greece. 190 BCE marble 8’ high

Barberini Faun
Italy. 230 BCE marble 7’ high

Venus de Milo, by Alexandros of Antioch on the Meander
Greece. 150 BCE marble 7’ high

Seated Boxer
Greece. 100 BCE bronze

Laocoon and his sons, by Athanadoros, Hagesandros, and Polydoros of Rhodes +
Italy. 1st century CE marble 8’ high