Aegean and Greek Art

Important Dates
776 BCE              First Olympic games
753 BCE              The Founding of Rome
600 BCE             Mayan civilization begins in Mexico
499-479 BCE      The Persian Wars
147 BCE               Greece comes under Roman control
30 BCE                 Defeat of Cleopatra and Marc Antony

Aegean Art
Chapter 4

Before the Greeks

The Iliad and the Odyssey

Marble Lyre Player
Greece. 2700 BCE marble 9” high

Kamares Ware Jar
Greece. 1800 BCE 2’ high
Wheel-thrown pottery

Palace at Knossos (plan, view, and stairwell)
Greece. 1700 BCE 250,000 square feet
Arthur Evans, King Minos, Labyrinth, labrys

Toreador Fresco
Palace of Knossos
Greece. 1450 BCE buon fresco 3’ high
Continuous narrative

The Citadel at Tiryns (plan, view, and interior gallery)
Greece. 1400 BCE
Megaron, corbel, cantilever, cyclopean masonry

Greek Art
Chapter 5

The People
Hellenes, Hellas

Platonic Ideal

Man is the Measure of All Things
Anthropomorphism, Protagoras and the roots of Humanism

Geometric and Orientalizing Periods
9th-7th centuries BCE

Geometric Krater +
Greece. 740 BCE 3’ high
Krater, meander

Hero and Centaur (Herakles and Nessos?)
Greece. 730 BCE bronze 5” high

Corinthian Black-Figure Amphora with Animal Friezes
Greece. 625 BCE 1’ high
Amphora, Orientalizing art

Lady of Auxerre +
Greece. 625 BCE limestone 2’ high
Kore (Korai), Daedalus, Daedalic Sculpture

Archaic Period
6th century BCE

Anavysos Kouros ^^+
Greece. 600 BCE marble 6’ high
Kouros (Kouroi), archaic smile

Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game, by Exekais +
Italy. 540 BCE vessel is 2’ high
black-figure

Peplos Kore from the Acropolis ^^+
Greece. 530 BCE marble 4’ high

Classical Period
5th – 4th centuries BCE

The Persian Wars 499-479

Kritios Boy +
From the Acropolis
Greece. 480 BCE marble 3’ high
Severe style, contrapposto

Zeus (or Poseidon?) +
Greece. 460 BCE bronze 7’ high
Sculpture in the round

Niobides Krater, the Niobid Painter ^^+
Greece. 460 BCE clay, red figure technique with white highlights
Red Figure

Diskobolos (Discus Thrower), by Myron +
Roman marble copy after a bronze original
Italy. 450 BCE 5’ high

Doryphoros (Spear Bearer), aka The Canon ^^+
Roman marble copy after a bronze original by Polykleitos
Italy. 450 BCE 7’ high

The Acropolis^^
Athens, Greece. 447-424 BCE
Pericles

Parthenon, by Iktinos and Kallikrates ^^+
The Acropolis, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE

Temple of Athena Nike ^^
The Acropolis, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE

Nike Adjusting her Sandal ^^+
Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE marble
Wet drapery

Elgin Marbles

Helios, horses, and Dionysus (Heracles?) ^^+
The Parthenon, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE

Lapith versus centaur
The Parthenon, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE marble 5’ high
Centaurmachy

Details of the Panathenaic Festival procession frieze ^^+
The Parthenon, Athens, Greece. 5th century BCE marble 4’ tall

Grave Stele of Hegeso, Kallimachos ^^+
Athens, Greece. 410 BCE marble and paint
Appropriation

Theater at Epidauros, by Polykeitos the Younger
Greece. 350 BCE the auditorium is 387’ in diameter
orchestra, theatron, skene

Aphrodite of Knidos
Roman marble copy after an original by Praxiteles
Italy. 350 BCE 7’ high

Weary Herakles +
Roman marble copy of a bronze original by Lysippos
Italy. 320 BCE 11’ high

Alexander the Great

Hellenistic Period
4th BCE – 1st c CE

Barberini Faun +
Italy. 230 BCE marble 7’ high

Nike of Samothrace ^^+
Greece. 190 BCE marble 8’ high

Reconstructed west front of the Altar of Zeus ^^+
Pergamon, Turkey. 175 BCE

Athena battling Alkyoneos ^^+
Detail from the Altar of Zeus at Pergamon
Pergamon, Turkey. 175 BCE 8’ tall
Gigantomachy

Athenian Agora and Stoa of Attalos II ^^+
Athens, Greece. 150 BCE
Agora

Venus de Milo, by Alexandros of Antioch on the Meander
Greece. 150 BCE marble 7’ high

Seated Boxer ^^+
Greece. 100 BCE bronze

Laocoon and his sons, by Athanadoros, Hagesandros, and Polydoros of Rhodes +
Italy. 1st century CE marble 8’ high