Greek Art

Important Dates
776 BCE First Olympic games
753 BCE Traditional date of the Foundation of Rome
600 BCE Mayan civilization begins Mexico
499-479 BCE The Persian Wars
147 BCE Greece comes under Roman control
30 BCE Defeat of Cleopatra and Marc Antony

The People
Hellenes, Hellas

Greek Religion and Thought
Anthropomorphism, Illiad, Odyssey, Protagoras and the roots of Humanism



Geometric and Orientalizing Periods: 9th-7th centuries BCE

Geometric Krater
Greece, 740 BCE 3’ high
Krater, meander

Hero and Centaur (Herakles and Nessos?)
Greece, 730 BCE bronze
5” high

Mantiklos Apollo
Greece, 700 BCE bronze
8” high

Corinthian Black-Figure Amphora with Animal Friezes
Greece, 625 BCE
1’ high
Amphora, Orientalizing art

Lady of Auxerre
Greece, 625 BCE limestone
2’ high
Kore (Korai), Daedalus, Daedalic Sculpture

Archaic Period: 6th century BCE
Greece, 600 BCE marble
6’ high
Kouros (Kouroi)

Calf Bearer
Greece, 560 BCE marble
5’ high
Moschophoros, archaic smile

Peplos Kore
Greece, 530 BCE marble 4’ high

West Pediment of the Temple of Artemis
Greece, 600 BCE limestone
greatest height 9’
The gorgon Medusa

Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game, by Exekais
Italy 540 BCE
vessel is 2’ high

Herakles wrestling Antaios, by Euphronios
Italy 510 BCE
whole vessel is 2’ high

+Girl preparing to bathe kylix
Greece, 490 BCE

Dying Warrior
From the west pediment of the Temple of Aphaia
Greece, 490 BCE marbl
e 5’ long

Early and High Classical Periods: 5th c BCE

The Persian Wars 499-479

Dying Warrior
From the east pediment of the Temple of Aphaia
Greece, 480 BCE marble
6’ long

Temple of Hera II
Italy, 460 BCE

Kritios Boy
From the Acropolis
Greece, 480 BCE marble
3’ high
Severe style, contrapposto

Zeus (or Poseidon?)
Greece, 460 BCE bronze
7’ high

Diskobolos (Discus Thrower), by Myron
Roman marble copy after a bronze original
Italy, 450 BCE
5’ high

Doryphoros (Spear Bearer), aka The Canon
Roman marble copy after a bronze original by Polykleitos
Italy, 450 BCE
7’ high

Acropolis, Athens, Greece

Parthenon, by Iktinos and Kallikrates
Located at the Acropolis, Athens
Greece, 447 BCE

Elgin Marbles

Lapith versus centaur
metope from the south side of the Parthenon
Greece, 447 BCE
marble 5’ high

Three Goddesses (Hestia, Dione, and Aphrodite?)
from the east pediment of the Parthenon
Athens, Greece, 438 BCE marbl
e greatest height 4’

Details of the Panathenaic Festival procession frieze
from the Parthenon
Greece, 447 BCE marble
4’ tall

Erechtheion, view from the southeast
Acropolis, Athens
Greece, 421 BCE

Late Classical: 4th c BCE

Aphrodite of Knidos
Roman marble copy after an original by Praxiteles
Italy 350 BCE
7’ high

Hermes and the infant Dionysos
Roman marble copy after an original by Praxiteles
Greece, 330 BCE
7’ tall

Apoxyomenos (Scraper)
Roman marble copy after a bronze original by Lysippos
Italy 330 BCE
Sculpture in the round

Weary Herakles
Roman marble copy of a bronze original by Lysippos
Italy 320 BC
E 11’ high

Battle of Issus, Roman copy of a painting by Philoxenos of Eretria
Italy 310 BCE mosaic
Tesserae, foreshortening

Theater at Epidauros, by Polykeitos the Younger
Greece, 350 BCE
the auditorium is 387’ in diameter
orchestra, theatron, skene

Hellenistic Period: 4th BCE – 1st c CE

Stoa of Attalos II
Greece, 150 BCE


Reconstructed west front of the Altar of Zeus
From the city of Pergamon
Turkey, 175 BCE

Athena battling Alkyoneos
Detail from the Altar of Zeus at Pergamon
Turkey, 175 BCE
8’ tall

Dying Gaul
Roman marble copy after a bronze original by Epigonos
Turkey, 230 BCE
3’ high

Nike of Samothrace
Greece, 190 BCE marble
8’ high

Venus de Milo, by Alexandros of Antioch on the Meander
Greece 150 BCE marble
7’ high

Barberini Faun
Italy, 230 BCE marble
7’ high

Old Market Woman
Greece, 150 BCE marble
4’ high

Laocoon and his sons, by Athanadoros, Hagesandros, and Polydoros of Rhodes
Italy, 1stc CE marble
8’ high