Art of South, East, and Southeast Asia

Concurrent Dates
563-483 BCE        The Buddha
499-479 BCE        The Persian Wars
326 BCE                Alexander the Great Reaches the Indus River
325 CE                   Council of Nicea
476 CE                   Rome falls
1337 CE                 Hundred Years’ War begins

Buddhist Art

Cycles
Reincarnation, karma

Buddhism and the Buddha

Lion Capital, Ashokan Pillar at Sarnath +
India, 3rd century BCE polished sandstone 8’ tall

Great Stupa at Sanchi (multiple views) +
India, 4th century BCE 50’ tall
Circumambulation, torana, Yakshi

Chaitya hall at Karle +
India, 1st century CE interior is 45’ high, 125’ long
Ambulatory

Seated Buddha, Gandhara style
Pakistan, 2nd century CE stone 2’
Urna, ushnisha

The Life and Death of the Buddha
Pakistan, 2nd century CE, schist 2’ x 9’

The Silk Road

Colossal Buddha of Bamiyan
Afghanistan, 2nd century CE 180’ tall

Seated Buddha preaching the first sermon +
India, 5th century CE, tan sandstone 5’ high
Mathura Style

Bodhisattva Padmapani
India, 5th century CE wall painting
Bodhisattva

Longmen Caves (multiple views)
China, 5th – 12th century CE limestone
Vairocana Buddha, Nio

Jowo Rinpoche

Tibet, 7th century CE gilt metals with semiprecious stones, pearls, and paint

Daibutsuden (Kondo) of the Todai-ji complex (multiple views)
Japan, 8th century CE, rebuilt 18th century CE, wood, bronze, and ceramic tiles
Curtain walls, modular, mortise and tenon

  • The Great Buddha of Todai-ji
  • Gate and Nio Guardian Statue of Todai-ji

Borobudur Temple (multiple views)
Indonesia, 9th century CE volcanic stone masonry

Ryoan-ji rock garden
Japan, 15th century CE                      
Zen Buddhism

Hindu Art

Hinduism
Shiva, Vishnu, Devi, avatar

Shiva as Mahadeva
India, 6th century CE head is 17’ tall

Lakshmana Temple (multiple views)
India, 10th century CE
Plinth, Tantric Hinduism, mandapas, garbhagriha, lingam Chandella Court

Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja) +
India, 11th century CE bronze
Mandorla or Nimbus

The temple of Angkor Wat (multiple views)
Cambodia, 15th century CE stone masonry, sandstone

  • Jayavarman Vii as Buddha

Krishna and Radha in a Pavilion
India, 18th century CE opaque watercolor on paper 11”x8”

Art of other Traditions

Terra Cotta warriors from mausoleum of the first Qin emperor of China
China, 3rd century BCE painted terra cotta life-size figures
Qin Dynasty, Legalism

Funeral Banner of Lady Dai (Xin Zhui)
China, 2nd century BCE painted silk 6’8” tall

Travelers among Mountains and Streams, Fan Kuan
China, 11th century CE hanging scroll, ink and colors on silk detail 3’ high, entire scroll is 7’ high by 3’ wide
Daoism

Night Attack on the Sanjo Palace
Japan, 14th century CE Hand scroll, ink and colors on paper 16” high
Hand scroll

The David Vases
China, 14th century CE white porcelain with cobalt-blue underglaze
Porcelain, underglaze

Portrait of Shin Sukju
Korea, 15th century CE hanging scroll (ink and color on silk)
Confucianism

Imperial Palace (The Forbidden City) (multiple views)
China, 15th century CE and later, stone masonry, marble, brick, wood, and ceramic tile

White and Red Plum Blossoms, Ogata Korin
18th century CE ink, watercolor, and gold leaf on paper
Tarashikomi

Evening Bell at the Clock, Suzuki Harunobu

From the Eight Views of a Parlor series
Japan, 18th century CE woodblock print 12”x9”
Register, ukiyo-e (The Floating World)

The Great Wave off Kanagawa, Katsushika Hokusai
From Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji series
Japan, 19th century CE polychrome woodblock print 10”x1’